Intermediate Grammar #20: ~다고요? “(What) did you just say?”

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~다고요:

  • Spoken.
  • Ask for clarification about something that is unclear or hard to believe.
  • Repeat & reconfirm what another speaker has just said.

Usage:

  • Different conjugations based on (1) declarative, (2) interrogative, (3) propositive, and (4) imperative sentences.
  • Use citation form when responding to ~(으)ㄹ까요?
  • Can be used to restate or emphasize what the speaker just said.

Tenses:

과거:

  • Sentence A/V: ~았/었다고요?
  • Sentence N이다: 였/이었다고요?
  • Question A/V: ~았/었냐고요?
  • Question N이다: 였/이었냐고요?

현재:

  • Sentence A: ~다고요?
  • Sentence V: ~(느)ㄴ다고요?
  • Sentence N이다: 라/이라고요?
  • Question A: ~냐/으냐고요?
  • Question V: ~냐/느냐고요?
  • Question N이다: 냐/이냐고요?

미래/추측:

  • Sentence A/V: ~(으)ㄹ 거라고요?
  • Sentence N이다: 일 거라고요?
  • Question A/V: ~(으)ㄹ 거냐고요?

청유문과 명령문 (Propositive + Imperative):

  • Proposition 긍정(+) V: ~자고요?
  • Imperative 긍정(+) V: ~(으)라고요?
  • Proposition 부정(-) V: ~지 말자고요?
  • Imperative 부정(-) V: ~지 말라고요?

(이탈리안 잡 – The Italian Job) Examples:

과거:

  • Sent V: 마크월버그 (찰리): 스티브가 우리가 훔친 금을 훔쳤었다고요?
    Mark Wahlberg (Charlie): Did you just say Steve stole our stolen gold?
  • Sent V: 샬리즈세론 (스텔라): 뭐? 스티브가 내 아버지를 죽였다고요?
    Charlize Theron (Stella): What? Did you just say Steve killed my dad?
  • Sent N이다: 에드워드노턴 (스티브): 어? 너의 생각에 내가 범인이었다고요? 모두 다 범인이 잖아요~
    Edward Norton (Steve): Huh? Did you say you think I’m a bad guy? News flash~ we’re all bad guys!~
  • Q V: 찰리: 어떻게 아빠위해서 복수 계획을 만들었냐고요? 이리와 여기 보세요.
    Charlie: Did you just ask me how we’re going to make a plan to get revenge for your dad? Come here and see.
  • Q A: 스티브: 우리의 절도가 교활했냐고요? 몰론이죠~ 난 천재야~
    Steve: Did you just ask if our robbery was cunning? Of course it was~ I’m a genius~
  • Q N이다: 스텔라: 내 아버지의 살인자가 스티브였냐고요? 그 사람은 싫어!
    Stella: Did you just ask if Steve was my father’s murderer? I hate that guy!

현재:

  • Sent V: 제이선스타셈 (잘생긴 롭): 스티브가 훔친 우리 금을 다시 훔친다고요? 나도 하고싶어~
    Jason Statham (“Handsome Rob”): Did you just say you want to steal back the gold Steve stole from us? Count me in~
  • Sent N이다: 세스그린 (라일): 냅스터가 20세기의 최대 발명이라고요? 몰론이지~ 난 천재야~
    Seth Green (Lyle): Did you just say Napster was the greatest invention of the 20th century? Of course it was~ I’m a genius~
  • Sent A: 모스데프 (길리건): 아니야. 개가 싫어. 저 개는 부드럽다고요? 아니야. 개는 다 싫어.
    Mos Def (Gilligan): No. I hate dogs. Did you just say that dog is tame? No. I hate dogs.
  • Q N이다: 롭: 나는 트란스포터영화 배우냐고요? 아니요. 다른 남자인 것 같아요.
    “Handsome Rob”: Did you just ask me if I was the actor in Transporter? No. Must be some other guy.
  • Q A: 라일: 내 대학교 룸메이트가 교활하느냐고요? 맞아. 내 컴퓨터에서 냅스터를 훔쳤잖아~
    Lyle: Did you just ask if my college roommate was sly? You’re right. You outta know he stole Napster right off my computer~
  • Q V: 길리건: 내가 미니쿠퍼를 운전하느냐고요? 아니요. 전문가에게 맡겨~
    Gilligan: Did you ask me to drive a Mini Cooper? No. Leave it to the experts~

미래/추측:

  • Sent V: 도날드수서렌드 (존): 강도 짓 때문에 이제부터 모두 부자가 될 거라고요? 맞아~ 좋아~
    Donald Sutherland (John): Did you just say that we’re all going to be rich now thanks to the heist? Right~ Awesome~
  • Sent V: 스티브: 금을 평등하게 나눌 거라고요? 아니야~ 나는 다른 생각이 있어. 금 다 나 줘~
    Steve: Did you just say you want to split the gold evenly? Nah~ I have a better idea. Give me all the gold~
  • Sent N이다: 스텔라: 스티브가 배신자일 거라고요? 왜? 무슨 일을 했어요?
    Stella: Did you just call Steve a betrayer? What happened?
  • Q A: 스티브: 난 똑똑할 거냐고요? 몰론이지. 너회는 이렇게 못 예측했어~
    Steve: Did you just ask me if I was smart? Of course I am. None of you predicted this course of events~
  • Q V: 찰리: 스티브가 따라갈 거냐고요? 몰론이지. 스티브는 도망을 못 가!
    Charlie: Did you just ask if we would go after Steve? Of course we will. Steve can’t get away!
  • Q V: 존: 내가 지금 죽어가고 있냐고요? 잘 봐바! 여기에 피 많이 나잖아~ 흑흑….
    John: Did you just ask if I’m dying? Take a look! There’s a lot of blood coming out of here~ Hukk~ Hukk~

청유문과 명령문 (Propositive + Imperative):

  • Pro (+) V: 스텔라: 강도 짓의 팀을 다시 모으자고요? 스티브를 따라가 잡자고요? 당연히지!~
    Stella: Did you just suggest that we get the robbery team back together? Did you just suggest that we go after Steve? Heck yeah!~
  • Imp (+) V: 프렝키지 (렌치): 이 미니쿠퍼들로 금을 나르자고요? 그래요.
    Frankie G (Wrench): Did you just tell me I have to modify the Mini Coopers? OK.
  • Pro (-) V: 스티브: 우린 배신자가 되지 말자고요? 너무 늦었어요. 우리는 이미 배신자였잖아!~
    Steve: Did you just suggest that we shouldn’t become traitors? Too late. We’re already traitors!~
  • Imp (-) V: 찰리: 너의 금을 훔치지 말라고요? 너무 늦었어. 복수는 나쁘죠!~
    Charlie: Did you just tell me I can’t steal your gold? Too late! Payback’s a b****!~

**These are notes from Korean Grammar in Use: Intermediate. For more in-depth explanations, buy the book.