Intermediate Grammar #23: ~다니요? “Really? I can’t believe…”

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~다니요?:

  • Use if you’re surprised at or can’t believe something you just heard.
  • Used to repeat the relevant info while expressing your surprised feeling at that info.
  • Equivalent to “Really? I can’t believe…”

Usage:

  • Different conjugations based on (1) declarative, (2) interrogative, (3) propositive, and (4) imperative sentences.
  • Basically, add ~니요? to the indirect quotation form.
  • CAN: use ~다니요 in past, present, AND future tenses.
  • CAN: use ~다니 mid-sentence.
  • Use the same sentence form the other person used to state the previous info.

Tenses:

과거:

  • Sentence A/V: ~았/었다니요?
  • Sentence N이다: 였/이었다니요?
  • Question A/V: ~았/었냐니요?
  • Question N이다: 였/이었냐니요?

현재:

  • Sentence A: ~다니요?
  • Sentence V: ~(느)ㄴ다니요?
  • Sentence N이다: 라/이라니요?
  • Question A: ~냐/으냐니요?
  • Question V: ~냐/느냐니요?
  • Question N이다: 냐/이냐니요?

미래/추측:

  • Sentence A/V: ~(으)ㄹ 거라니요?
  • Sentence N이다: 일 거라니요?
  • Question A/V: ~(으)ㄹ 거냐니요?

청유문과 명령문 (Propositive + Imperative):

  • Proposition 긍정(+) V: ~자니요?
  • Imperative 긍정(+) V: ~(으)라니요?
  • Proposition 부정(-) V: ~지 말자니요?
  • Imperative 부정(-) V: ~지 말라니요?

(겨울왕국 – Frozen) Examples:

The video below is a pretty funny parody of “Let it Go” that aired on Star King.

과거 (여자들 – The girls):

  • Sentence A: 엘사: 내 눈마술이 진짜 추웠다니요?
    Elsa: Was my snow magic really cold? I can’t believe it!
  • Sentence V: 안나: 올라프와 큰 눈괴물을 진짜 만들었다니요?
    Anna: Did you really make Olaf and the big snow monster? I can’t believe it!
  • Sentence N이다: 엘사: 스벤이 말하는 순록이었다니요?
    Elsa: Was Sven really a talking reindeer? I can’t believe it!
  • Question A: 안나: 한스가 언니가 예쁘다고 했냐니요?
    Anna: Did you ask me if Hans really said you’re beautiful? I can’t believe it!
  • Question V: 엘사: 한스가 안나랑 뽀뽀를 안 하고 죽게 내버려뒀냐니요?
    Elsa: Did you ask if Hans really rejected your kiss and left you to die? I can’t believe it!
  • Question N이다: 안나: 한스가 진짜 왕자였냐니요?
    Anna: Did you ask if Hans was really a prince? I can’t believe it!

현재 (남자들 – The guys):

  • Sentence A: 한스: 그 눈괴물이 살아있다니요?
    Hans: Is that snow monster really alive? I can’t believe it!
  • Sentence V: 크리스토프: 처음 만난 남자랑 사랑한다니요?
    Kristof: Are you really in love with a guy you just met? I can’t believe it!
  • Sentence N이다: 한스: 올라프의 코가 당근이라니요?
    Hans: Is Olaf’s nose really a carrot? I can’t believe it!
  • Question A: 크리스토프: 처음 만난 남자랑 결혼하는게 똑똑하냐니요?
    Kristof: Did you just ask me if it’s smart to get married with a guy you just met? I can’t believe it!
  • Question V: 한스: 안나, 나랑 진짜 사랑의 뽀뽀를 하느냐니요?
    Hans: Anna, did you just ask me to give you a true love’s kiss? I can’t believe it!
  • Question N이다: 크리스토프: 내가 냄새나는 못생긴 남자냐니요?
    Kristof: Did you just ask me if I’m a stinky, ugly guy? I can’t believe it!

미래/추측 (눈사람 – The snowmen):

  • Sentence A: 올라프: 여름에 날씨가 더울 거라니요?
    Olaf: Will it really be hot in summer? I can’t believe it!
  • Sentence V: 눈괴물: 내가 이 절벽에서 떨어질 거라니요? 하하하~
    Snow monster: Will I really fall off this cliff? I can’t believe it! Hahaha~
  • Sentence N이다: 올라프: 내가 여름이 오면 물웅덩이일 거라니요?
    Olaf: Will I really become a puddle when summer comes? I can’t believe it!
  • Question A: 눈괴물: 눈사움을 하면 내가 더 뚱뚱해질 거냐니요?
    Snow monster: Did you ask me if I’ll really become fatter if we have a snowball fight? I can’t believe it!
  • Question V: 올라프: 한스가 안나의 뽀뽀를 거절할 거냐니요?
    Olaf: Did you ask if Hans rejected Anna’s kiss? I can’t believe it!
  • Question V: 눈괴물: 나랑 마시멜로를 구울 거냐니요?
    Snow monster: Did you ask me if we could roast marshmallows together? I can’t believe it!

청유문과 명령문 (Propositive + Imperative):

  • Proposition 긍정(+) V: 엘사: 사람들을 성의 눈과 얼음 파티에 초대하자니요?
    Elsa: Did the people ask me to invite them to a snow and ice party at the castle? I can’t believe it!
  • Imperative 긍정(+) V: 안나: 엘사에게 눈을 다시 만들어 달라고 말하라니요?
    Anna: Did you just tell Elsa she should make it snow again? I can’t believe it!
  • Proposition 부정(-) V: 한스: 알렌델의 왕이 되지 말자니요?
    Hans: Did you just say I’m not going to be king of Arendell? I can’t believe it!
  • Imperative 부정(-) V: 크리스토프: 안나의 말을 듣지 말라니요?
    Kristoff: Did you just tell me not to listen to Anna? I can’t believe it!

**These are notes from Korean Grammar in Use: Intermediate. For more in-depth explanations, buy the book.

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