- These are Passive verbs – either some indirect action caused them OR the action is the result/effect of another action
- Equivalent to “is/was” in some state (for example “was written” = 써졌어요)
- This form is used with ONLY non-이/하/리/기 verbs (but in recent years it can include some)
- Change action verbs to passive (깼어요 => 깨졌어요)
- Adjectives: (learned in Beginner level) – express a change of state (예뻐졌어요 = “became pretty”)
- 과거: ~아/어졌어요
- 현재: ~아/어져요
- 미래/추측: ~아/어질 거예요
새로운 배트맨 (New Batman) Examples:
- 정하다: 새로운 배트맨 영화에 밴아프렉이 새로운 배트맨 배우로 정해졌어요.
Ben Affleck was appointed as the new Batman actor in the new Batman movie.
- 쓰다: 크리스테리오가 스크립트에 써졌어요.
The script was written by Chris Terrio.
- 켜다: 배트맨이 어두운 방에서 싸우면 좋겠지만 이 방에 들어가자마자 불이 다 켜졌어요.
Although Batman prefers to fight in dark rooms, as soon as he stepped into this room, all the lights were turned on.
- 쏟다: 큰 돈이 든 가방이 범인들때문에 바닥에 떨어져 돈이 모두 쏟어졌어요.
Because the criminals had a big bag full of money, it was spilled out all over the floor.
- 꺼다: 그다음에 방 불이 다 꺼졌어요.
After that, all the lights were turned off.
- 깨다: 큰 개가 누구 잠에서 깨서 멍멍 짖자 배트맨은 두려운 생각이 들었어요.
A big dog was awakened by someone and barked at a scared Batman.
- 누르다: 하지만 문이 큰 개에게 눌렸어요.
But the door was pressed by the big dog.
- 고치다: 갑지기 배트맨의 고장난 휴대폰이 고쳐졌어요.
Suddenly, Batman’s broken cell phone was fixed.
- 지우다: “알프렛? 왜 내 스파이 정보에서 이렇게 큰 개 이야기가 지워졌어요?”
“Alfred? Why was the story about a big dog like this erased from my spy information?”
- 기다리다: “아, 죄송해요, 배트맨님. 나는 새로운 갓질라 영화가 정말 기다려졌서 연락을 안 했어요.”
“Ah, sorry, Batman sir. I was just really waiting for the new Godzilla movie that I didn’t contact you.”
- 믿다: “예전에도 안 믿어졌는데 오늘도 안 믿어져요, 알프렛! 웬 일 일까?”
“I didn’t believe you before and I don’t believe you now, Alfred! What’s happening?”