Intermediate Grammar #15: ~느라고 “Because of that…sth negative”


  • The first clause is a reason or cause for the second (usually negative in nature)
  • Equivalent to “Because of that…”


  • Can be shortened to ~느라
  • Action in the first clause continued partially or completely with that of second
  • Don’t: use positive clauses afterward – it sounds unnatural
  • Don’t: use propositive/imperative forms
  • Don’t: use past tense ~았/었
  • Use idiomatically with 수고하다, 고생하다
  • ONLY use verbs that show the (1) will of the subject, (2) force of energy, (3) time
  • Subject stays the same in both clauses


  • V: ~느라고

(Avengers) Examples:


(어벤져스 – Avengers ):

  • 아이언맨: 여자친구랑 타히티에서 공휴일을 보내느라고 세계를 못 지켰어요~
    Iron Man: Because I took my girlfriend on a holiday in Tahiti, I couldn’t save the world~
  • 쟈비스: 토니스타크가 아이언맨슈트들을 다 꺼버리느라고 나도 못 도와줬어요…
    Jarvis: Since Tony Stark turned off all the Iron Man suits, I couldn’t help either…
  • 블렉위도: 난 고향에 가느라고 한국에 못 가서 촬영 못 해요.
    Black Widow: Because I’m going to my hometown, I can’t come to Korea to film.
  • 헐크: 내 집에서 밤마다 바퀴벌레 잡느라고 미쳐버리겠어요!
    Hulk: Since cockroaches come out in my house every night, I’m going crazy with anger!
  • 토르: 아빠가 동생 로키를 감옥에 집어넣느라고 팀에 나오지 않아요.
    Thor: Because Dad threw my brother Loki in prison, I can’t come out for the team.
  • 캡틴어메리카: 아침 운동을 너무 많이 하느라고 지금 힘이 없을 것 같아요.
    Captain America: Since I did a lot of exercise this morning, it seems that all my strength is gone now.
  • 혹아이: 어제 라식수술 하느라고 오늘은 잘 보이지 않아요.
    Hawkeye: Since I had Lasik surgery yesterday, today I can’t see well.
  • 닉퓨리: 나는 검은 트렌치 코트만 입느라고 다른 코트는 없어요.
    Nick Fury: Because I only ever wear a black trench coat, I don’t have any other coats.
  • 퀵실버: 난 엄청 빨리 달리느라고 그 건물은 못 봤어요.
    Quicksilver: Since I was running super fast, I totally didn’t see that building.
  • 스카렛위치: 내 머리카락은 빨갛게 염색하느라고 남자 친구가 식당에 먼저 갔어요…
    Scarlet Witch: Because I was dying my hair red, my boyfriend went to the restaurant first…

**These are notes from Korean Grammar in Use: Intermediate. For more in-depth explanations, buy the book.