Intermediate Grammar #16: ~는 바람에 “As a result of…”

~는 바람에:

  • The first clause (usually a negative influence on the second) describes the reason or cause for the second clause
  • Equivalent to “Unfortunately, as a result of…”


  • ONLY used with verbs
  • Second clause is ALWAYS past tense (because it’s describing something that has happened)
  • Don’t: use positive clauses – it sounds unnatural – this expression is for negative things that have happened (but very rarely something positive can be said – only if it was completely unexpected or unintended)
  • Don’t: use propositive/imperative forms
  • Don’t: use past tense ~았/었
  • Difference: ~아/어서 = a simple reason, ~는 바람에 = an unintended result


  • V: ~는 바람에

(Avengers) Examples:


(어벤져스 – Avengers):

  • 아이언맨: 페퍼랑 키스 후에 ‘찰싹’ 뱜을 맞는 바람에 아이언맨슈트가 추락했어요.
    Iron Man: As a result of the slap I received after kissing Pepper, my Iron Man suit crashed.
  • 쟈비스: 아이언맨슈트가 추락하는 바람에 난 죽었어요~
    Jarvis: As a result of the Iron Man suit crashing, I died.~
  • 블렉위도: 남자친구랑 자는 바람에 임신했어요~
    Black Widow: Since I slept with my boyfriend, I became pregnant.
  • 헐크: 스카렛요한슨은 임신하는 바람에 우울했어요…
    Hulk: Since Scarlett Johansson got pregnant, I got depressed…
  • 토르: 로키가 나를 속이는 바람에 초콜릿 아이스크림을 못 먹었어요.
    Thor: Because of Loki’s deception, I was unable to eat chocolate ice cream.
  • 캡틴어메리카: 여권을 잃어버리는 바람에 한국에서 영화 촬영을 못 했어요.
    Captain America: Because I lost my passport, I was unable to film in Korea.
  • 혹아이: 어설픈 라식 수술하는 바람에 눈이 멀게 되었어요.
    Hawkeye: As a result of my botched Lasik surgery, I became blind.
  • 닉퓨리: 쓴 아침 커피를 마시는 바람에 하루종일 화가 났거든요!
    Nick Fury: Since I drank bitter coffee this morning, I’ve been pissed off all day!
  • 퀵실버: 바닥에 오일이 있는 바람에 달리기하면서 미끄러져서 허리가 부러졌어요.
    Quicksilver: Since there was oil on the floor, while I was running, I slipped and broke my hip.
  • 스카렛위치: 스카렛 샴푸를 사용하는 바람에 머리가 빨갛게 됐어요.
    Scarlet Witch: As a result of using scarlet shampoo, my hair became red.

**These are notes from Korean Grammar in Use: Intermediate. For more in-depth explanations, buy the book.