- Used to recall a habitual action or behavior that “used to” happen regularly – but hasn’t continued
- Equivalent to “used to”
- Use in front of NOUNS
- Use #1: to express something that no longer happens, but once did (여러 번, 자주, 가끔, 항상)
- Use #2: to recall something that was started, but not yet concluded (지난달, 지난주, 어제, 아까, 저번에)
- Use #3: to describe something that has been used until the present time (but is not NEW)
- DO NOT USE: for once occurring events
- USE: for often repeated past events
- Difference: ~던 (past behavior not yet ended) vs. ~(으)ㄴ (past behavior that’s ended)
- Difference: ~던 (recollection of repeated action) vs. ~(으)ㄴ (simple past – not meaning recollection)
~던 Personal Examples:
- 어렸을때 자주 먹던 음식이 치즈였어요.
When I was young, the food I used to eat most often was cheese.
- 여기는 내 아내와 내가 옛날에 다니던 학원이예요.
This is the hagwon that my wife and I used to attend a long time ago.
- 왜 전에 공부하던 책을 계속 공부해요?
Why are you still studying that book you already studied before?
- 내 아들의 입던 옷을 교회 친구한테 줬어요.
We gave the clothes my son used to wear to a friend at church.
- 키투코리언 블로그에서 토요일마다 제가 즐겨 듣던 한국 음악을 번역해서 올렸어요.
On the KeyToKorean blog, every Saturday I used to translate and upload the Korean music I enjoyed listening to.
- 내가 어렸을때 살았던 미국집을 팔았어요.
The home I used to live in in America when I was a child was sold.
- 내가 미국에 살 때 배우던 언어는 중국어, 중국에 살 때 배우던 언어는 일본어, 일본에 살 때 배우던 언어는 한국어, 그리고 지금 한국에 살면서 배우고 있는 언어는 한국어잖아요.
I used to study Chinese when I lived in America; I used to study Japanese when I lived in China; I used to study Korean when I lived in Japan; and now, while I’m living in Korea, you ought to know that I’m still studying Korean.
- 내가 사용하던 종이컵을 버렸어요?
Did you throw away the paper cup I was just using?
- 내가 항상 사용하던 프로파일 사진이 어디 갔어요?
Where did the profile picture I always used to use go?