How many? Counting Stuff in Korean

02.14.Count-Von-Count_62558092_15_thecountand8-richardtermine In our previous Post on Korean Numbers, we went over the fact that:
Counting stuff primarily happens in Pure Korean (as opposed to Sino-Korean).
However, most other uses of numbers are Sino-Korean. This presents an interesting challenge when dealing with the following three questions:
  1. How much?
  2. How many?
  3. How long?
  • "How much?" is answered in Sino-Korean numbers. "얼마예요?" = "How much is it?" and a typical answer is "오천 원이예요."
  • "How many?" is answered in Pure Korean numbers AND requires a Counter. " 있어요?" = "How many are there?" and a typical answer is "다섯 있어요." (Here, is the counter. is the question word.)
  • "How long?" is answered in Sino-Korean numbers. "얼마나 걸려요?" = "How long will it take?" and a typical answer is "분만 걸려요." (This question uses the same 얼마 for "how much [time]" as the first question.)
To make matters even more confusing, 개 is not the only Counter in Korean. Rather, nearly anything that can be counted has its own Counter. For example, you can count:
  1. People (분/명)
  2. Animals (마리)
  3. Books (권)
  4. Bottles (병)
  5. Papers (장)
  6. Glasses (잔)
  7. Cars/Appliances/Large Electronics (대)
  8. Age (살)
  9. Flowers (송이)
  10. Shoes (켤레)
Additionally, the Pure Korean counting numbers are occasionally modified for smoother counting:
  1. 하나 (1) becomes 한 개
  2. 둘 (2) becomes 두 개
  3. 셋 (3) becomes 세 개
  4. 넷 (4) becomes 네 개
  5. 스물 (20) becomes 스무 개
Hints:
  1. All the other Pure Korean numbers (like 다섯, 여섯, etc) don't change when counting.
  2. Even if you can't remember the specific Counter, you can use 개 as a default. It isn't right, but you'll be understood, especially while you're learning Korean.
  3. 몇 is the question word preceding all Counter questions. ("How many people?" = 몇 명/분? ; "How many things?" = 몇 개?)
  4. Time in hours is counted (한 시; 한 시간), but time in minutes and seconds is spoken with Sino-Korean (이십오 분; 삼십 초).

Table

몇 개?몇 분?몇 명?몇 마리?몇 병?몇 잔?
세 개두 분여섯 명세 마리세 병네 잔
몇 권?몇 장?몇 살?몇 송이?몇 켤레?몇 대?
일곱 권여덟 장한 살세 송이열두 켤레네 대
One more thing to note: positions are counted with 번째 or 째:
  • 1st = 첫쩨/처 번째
  • 2nd = 둘째/두 번째
  • 3rd = 셋째/세 번째
  • 4th = 넷째/네 번째
  • 5th = 다섯 번째
  • 6th = 여섯 번째
  • 7th = 일곱 번째
  • 8th = 여덟 번째
  • 9th = 아홉 번째
  • 10th = 열 번째
  • 11th = 열한째
  • 12th = 열두 번째
  • etc...

More info about Korean Numbers.

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  1. All About Korean Numbers | Key to Korean
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