Intermediate Grammar #41: ~거든 “if A is really true, then B”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~게 되다: ONLY conversational Equivalent to “if A is actually true, then B…” Usage: ONLY sounds natural if 2nd clause is imperative, propositive, or expressing the speaker’s opinion: ~겠~ ~(으)ㄹ 것이다 ~(으)려고 하다 Difference: ~거든요 (end of the sentence) = expresses a REASON only the speaker knows Difference: […]

Intermediate Grammar #39: ~게 하다 “make sm do sth”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~게 하다: The subject makes someone else do something Equivalent to “someone made/makes someone else do something” Usage/Tenses: Intransitive Verbs: N1이/가 N2을/를 V~게 하다 (Intransitive = needs no direct object) Transitive Verbs: N1이/가 N2에게 V~게 하다 (Transitive = has an object that receives action) Adjectives: N1이/가 N2을/를 A~게 […]

Intermediate Grammar #38: 단어 사동 (~이/히/리/기/우/추~) Causative Verbs “to make/let”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → 단어 사동 (~이/히/리/기/우/추~): The subject doesn’t act of their own will, but because someone or something else caused or made them Equivalent to “to make/let/cause someone to do something” Usage: These Verbs MUST BE MEMORIZED Passive and Causative verbs are IDENTICAL – you can tell them apart by […]

Intermediate Grammar #35: 단어 피동 (~이/히/리/기~) “was/is” in some state (Passive verbs)

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → 단어 피동 (~이/히/리/기~): These are Passive verbs – either some indirect action caused them OR the action is the result/effect of another action Equivalent to “is/was” in some state (for example “was closed” = 닫히다) Usage/Tenses: **NOTE: While the following are good examples of usage and tenses, for […]

Intermediate Grammar #34: ~던데요 “No, actually…” OR “Yes, surprisingly…”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~던데요: Say something that contradicts what someone else said OR Express surprise at a past situation or event Equivalent to “No, actually…” or “Yes, surprisingly…” Usage: Combines ~더~ (recollection) + ~(으)ㄴ데요 (contradiction, surprise, background info) Can be used mid-sentence to indicate that the past is contradictory to the […]

Intermediate Grammar #33: ~더라고요 “I personally witnessed…”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~더라고요: Used to indicate the speaker directly saw, heard, or felt some previous event or action Equivalent to “I personally witnessed…” Usage: NO: First-person sentences – this is about something you witnessed BUT: First-person CAN be used when: expressing mood, emotions, or feelings (use A+아/어하다) Use only for things […]