Intermediate Grammar #10: ~(으)ㄴ/는데도 “Although…actually/still”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~(으)ㄴ/는 데도: Combo (~(으)ㄴ/는데 = current situation) + (~아/어도 = concession/contrast) Introduces opposite idea of preceding clause Usage: For more emphasis, add 불구하고 (~(으)ㄴ/는데도 불구하고) Tenses: Adj: 과거: ~았/었는데도 현재: ~(으)ㄴ데도 Verb: 과거: ~았/었는데도 현재: ~는데도 Noun이다: 과거: 였/이었는데도 현재: 인데도 Examples: 과거: A: 중국에서의 생활이 좋았는데도 한국의 […]

Intermediate Grammar #9: ~(으)ㄴ/는 반면에 “While sth is true, (contrast)”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~(으)ㄴ/는 반면에: Two things = opposites (similar to 반대) State positive and negative characteristics in same sentence Equivalent to “While something is true, … something else (opposite/contrasting) is also true.” Similar to “On the one hand… and on the other hand…” Usage: When opposites, also ~(으)ㄴ/는 데 반해 […]

Intermediate Grammar #8: ~기는 하지만, ~기는 ~지만 “Even though sth, (contrast)”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~기는 하지만, ~기는 ~지만: Second form uses the same A/V twice Acknowledge the 1st clause, but present a differing view in 2nd clause Tenses: Adj/Verbs: 과거: ~기는 했지만 ~기는 ~았/었지만 현재: ~기는 하지만 ~기는 ~지만 미래/추측: ~기는 하겠지만 ~기는 ~겠지만 Usage: Contracted forms (in conversation) also used (~긴 […]

Intermediate Grammar #7: ~(으)ㄹ지도 모르다 “You don’t know if…”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~(으)ㄹ지도 모르다: Something might possibly happen Equivalent to “you don’t know if…” Usage: It might sound rude to someone who’s worried about something Can’t use double past tense verbs (갔을지도 몰랐어요) Tenses: Adj/Verbs: 과거: ~았/었을지도 모르다 현재/미래: ~(으)ㄹ지도 모르다 Noun이다: 과거: 였을지도/이였을지도 모르다 현재: 일지도 모르다 Examples: 과거: […]

Intermediate Grammar #6: ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다(알았다) “I hadn’t realized” or “I had thought…”

← Previous Full Grammar List Next → ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다(알았다): Expresses the realization of an incorrect assumption Equivalent to “I hadn’t realized” or “I had thought” Tenses: Adjectives: 과거: ~(으)ㄴ 줄 몰랐다/알았다 추측: ~(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다/알았다 Verbs: 과거: ~(으)ㄴ 줄 몰랐다/알았다 현재: ~는 줄 몰랐다/알았다 미래/추측: ~(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다/알았다 Noun이다: 과거: ~이었는/였는 줄 몰랐다/알았다 현재: ~인 줄 몰랐다/알았다 추측: ~일 줄 몰랐다/알았다 […]