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Although..., however...


Use this grammar to acknowledge the truth of the first clause, but contrast it in the second clause.

Detailed Explanation

  • Combo (~(으)ㄴ/는데 = current situation) + (~아/어도 = concession/contrast)
  • Introduces opposite idea of preceding clause


  • For more emphasis, add 불구하고
    • (~(으)ㄴ/는데도 불구하고)

Usage Rules

Conjugation Table

A Past ~았/었는데도
Present ~(으)ㄴ데도
V Past ~았/었는데도
Present ~는데도
N Past 였/이었는데도
Present 인데도

Sentence Examples

Change to: EN

    Past Tense

  1. A 중국에서의 생활이 좋았는데도 한국의 생활이 더 좋아요.

    Although I liked life in China, I actually like life in Korea better.

  2. V 일본에 살았는데도 일본의 생활은 못 이해했어요.

    Although I lived in Japan, I actually never understand Japanese life.

  3. N 미국 사람 이었는데도 여전히 미국에서 살기 싫어요.

    Although I'm an American, I still don't want to live in America.

  4. V 학생들이 영어를 열심히 공부했는데도 영어를 못 배웠어요.

    Although the students studied English hard, they actually never learned English.

  5. N 비싼차 였는데도 멋지지 않아요.

    Even though it was an expensive car, it actually wasn't cool.

  6. A 선생님이 늦었는데도 학생들이 벌서 다 왔어요.

    Even though the teacher was late, all the students actually arrived already.

  7. V 기차가 빨랐는데도 회의에 늦었어요.

    Though the train was fast, I was still late for the business meeting.

  8. N 슈퍼히어로 였는데도 예의가 없어요.

    Even though he's a superhero, he actually has no manners.

  9. Present Tense

  10. A 영어가 재미없는데도 가르쳐야 합니다.

    Even though English is uninteresting, I still have to teach it.

  11. V 빵을 많이 파는데도 한 달에 돈이 빨리 나가요.

    Even though we sell lots of bread, the money actually goes away quickly in a month.

  12. N 옛날 책상인데도 계속 상태가 좋아요.

    Even though it's an old desk, it's actually still in good condition.

  13. A 더운데도 밖에서 일을 해야 해요.

    Although it's hot, we still have to work outside.

  14. V 시험을 잘 쓰는데도 점수를 잘 못 받아요.

    Even though I write a good test, I'll still get a low grade.

  15. N 외국인 인데도 한국말을 잘 하니까 무슨 이야기 할때 조심해요.

    Although he's a foreigner, since he speaks Korean well, you should be careful what you say.

  16. A 이 옷은 좋은데도 나에게 안 어울려요.

    Although I like those clothes, they actually don't suit me.

  17. V 일찍 자는데도 일찍 잃어나기 싫어요.

    Even though I go to bed early, I still don't like to wake up early.

  18. N 쓰레기통 인데도 거기에 이 쓰레기는 못 버려요.

    Although this is a garbage can, you actually can't put this garbage in there.

  19. Propositions & Imperatives

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