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~(으)ㄴ/는 모양이다

I guess...

Detailed Explanation

  • Used to infer or guess a situation after observation (what did you see/hear?)
  • 모양 = "shape" or "appearance"
  • Can be used with ~(으)ㄴ/는 걸 보니까 earlier in the sentence and gives the reason for the supposition


  • Not used for talking about yourself (you can't infer/guess about yourself)
  • Not for subjective thoughts (use ~(으)ㄹ 것 같다 instead)
  • Should be based on something you KNOW - some fact

Usage Rules

Conjugation Table

A Past ~았/었던 모양이다
Present ~(으)ㄴ 모양이다
Future ~(으)ㄹ 모양이다
V Past ~(으)ㄴ 모양이다
Present ~는 모양이다
Future ~(으)ㄹ 모양이다
N Past 였던/이였던 모양이다
Present 인 모양이다

Sentence Examples

Change to: EN

    Past Tense

  1. V 아주 높은 점수를 받은 걸 보니까 어제 공부한 모양이에요.

    Since he got such a high score, I guess he studied yesterday.

  2. N 똑똑한 걸 보니까 강사 이였던 모양이다.

    He's smart, so I think he's probably a professor.

  3. N 여기 색깔보면 하늘색이 아니라 옛날에 파란색이였던 모양이에요.

    If you look at this color, it doesn't look like sky blue, but I guess it's an old blue.

  4. V 지금 샤워하고 있는 걸 보니까 달리기 한 모양이에요.

    Since he's showering right now, I guess he went for a run earlier.

  5. Present Tense

  6. A 운동을 많이 한 걸 보니까 살이 빠진 모양입니다.

    Since you exercise a lot, I guess you'll lose weight.

  7. A 지금 화가 난 모양이에요.

    It seems like she's angry right now.

  8. V 전화를 안 받은 걸 보니까 수업 하는 모양입니다.

    Since he didn't pick up the phone, I guess he's in class.

  9. N 경찰차와 사고 난 걸 보니까 바보인 모양이야!

    Since you got in a car accident with a police car, I guess you're an idiot!

  10. A 이 컴퓨터가 느린 모양이에요.

    This computer seems slow.

  11. V 지금 학생들이 타자연습 하는 모양이에요.

    I guess the students are practicing touch-typing right now.

  12. Future Tense

  13. V 이제 부터 아기가 걸어갈 모양이에요.

    I think the baby should be able to walk about now.

  14. A 2020년에 스마트폰들이 더 쌀 모양입니다.

    By 2020, I bet smartphones are even cheaper.

  15. V 나중에 이분은 소설을 쓸 모양이에요.

    I bet that guy will write a novel in the future.

  16. V 오늘 밤에 고기를 사는 걸 보니까 불고기를 만들 모양입니다.

    Since he bought meat tonight, I guess they'll have bulgogi for dinner.

  17. Propositions & Imperatives

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