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피동사

Passive verbs

TL;DR

This grammar introduces the Passive form of Verbs. While there are some similarities in conjugation and use, most should just be memorized.

Detailed Explanation

  • These are Passive verbs - either some indirect action caused them OR the action is the result/effect of another action
  • Equivalent to "is/was" in some state (for example "was closed" = 닫다)

Usage/Tenses

**NOTE: While the following are good examples of usage and tenses, for the most part the Passive verbs MUST ALL BE MEMORIZED in order to use them properly.

  • N2이/가 N1에/게 V + ~이/히/리/기~
    Includes 쫓기다 (to be pursued), 먹히다 (to be eaten), 잡히다 (to be caught), 안기다 (to be hugged) , 읽히다 (to be read)
  • N이/가 V + ~이/히/리/기~
    Includes 들리다 (to be heard), 보이다 (to be seen), 바뀌다 (to be changed), 막히다 (to be blocked), 팔리다 (to be sold), 풀리다 (to be released), 끊기다 (to be cut off), 열리다 (to be opened), 잠기다 (to be locked), 닫히다 (to be shut)
  • N2이/가 N1에 V + ~이/히/리/기~ + ~아/어 있다
    Includes 쓰이다 (to be written), 놓이다 (to be put), 쌓이다 (to be piled up), 걸리다 (to be spent), 꽂히다 (to be stuck)
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