Download this week’s Vocab/Grammar Review Sheet:
Most Important Things We Went Over This Week
- 이/가 is the subject particle marker; 을/를 is the object particle marker.
- 이/가 expresses NEW information; 은/는 continues the previous subject matter
- 이/가 emphasizes the preceding subject
- 은/는 = “regarding” or “as for” blah blah blah subject
- 은/는 compares or contrasts
- 와/과 used in writing, presentations, speeches; (이)랑/하고 used in everyday conversation
- 의 most often pronounced 에 and often omitted in colloquial speech
- 에서 = some action or behavior happens there, while 에 simply means “at” (movement, location, existence, time)
- 에서…까지 is for locations, 부터…까지 is for times
- 에게/한테 = for living creatures (not plants) that receive some action (for plants = 에), but 께 is used for older people
- 밖에 means “nothing but…” and is always followed by negative form, but NOT 아니다 nor imperative (으세요, ㄹ까요?) or propositive forms (ㅂ시다)
- (으)로 means “toward” if speaking of direction, or “with/from” if referring to transport, tools, or materials to make something
- (이)나 means one of two choices will be chosen, or also that the amount is WAY higher than expected (“no less than”)
- 밖에 = quite undervalued, very low – 이나 = way over-the-top, so huge
- 보다 = the word preceding it is the standard for comparison
Things that Need More Conversation Practice
- 에서 vs. 에
- 에서…까지 vs. 부터…까지
- 밖에 vs. 이나
Things that Need Quizzed
- What’s the difference between 이/가 and 은/는?
- Which one (이/가 or 은/는) should be used with 보다?
- Difference between 에서 vs. 에?
- What sentence forms cannot be used with 밖에?